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Division sums are the opposite of multiplication. Instead of repeatedly adding as you do with multiplication, its about subtracting (taking away) over and over again. If you like, remind yourself about multiplication sums on this website.
For example, if there are 12 pieces of pizza to divide between 6 people we would express the division sum as 12 ÷ 6 with the symbol you see in the picture above. Basically this would be separating 12 into 6 sections of 2 pieces each. Another way of thinking about it is to take 2 pieces away from 12 for a total of 6 times until the pizza is finished. Sometimes a number won't divide into another number exactly and there is a remainder or something left over. For instance, if the pizza was cut into 13 pieces and there were 6 people to eat it, there would be 1 piece left over.
Multiplication times tables sometimes help when you are dividing. For instance, if you are dividing 30 by 5, it helps to say your 5 times table - 5,10,15,20,25,30. So there are 6 chunks of 5, and the answer to 30 divided by 5 is 6.
Encourage your child to get some practice on the IXL website at a level that suits them. Here are some division sums dividing by the number 7.
Everyday activities, like shopping and taking journeys provide a great opportunity for your child to practise maths skills by recognising patterns, counting out amounts, working out the best value, weighing and understanding money or understanding timetables and estimating your time of arrival!
Estimating is a very useful maths skill for everyday life – helping you decide if you have enough money to pay for a number of items or enough paint to paint a room. Encourage your child to estimate, for example, how many potatoes you will need for dinner or how much money to buy the shopping.
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