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A fraction is a part of a whole thing - for instance, part of a cake or pizza. Work out fractions the next time you are having pizza or cake at home!
In maths, a fraction is written with a number on top and another number on the bottom. The bottom number tells you how many parts the whole thing has been divided into. For instance, if you cut a pizza into eight slices, the bottom number of the fraction will be 8.
The top number tells you how many of those parts you are talking about. For instance, if I take five slices, then the top number of the fraction will be 5. So the maths fraction that tells you about my five pieces, taken out of a pizza cut into eight pieces, will be written as 5/8.
Find out more about fractions on the maths is fun website.
For more online fun with fractions here's a pizza fractions game from Soft Schools. (If this doesn't play on your computer, phone or tablet try a web browser that supports Flash - like Internet Explorer.) If your child is confident and really likes fractions, try these challenging games from Top Marks.
Everyday activities, like shopping and taking journeys provide a great opportunity for your child to practise maths skills by recognising patterns, counting out amounts, working out the best value, weighing and understanding money or understanding timetables and estimating your time of arrival!
Estimating is a very useful maths skill for everyday life – helping you decide if you have enough money to pay for a number of items or enough paint to paint a room. Encourage your child to estimate, for example, how many potatoes you will need for dinner or how much money to buy the shopping.
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